Much later, in the twelfth to seventeenth centuries, one finds the legacy of Middle Armenian, whose authors attempted to emulate the style of the Golden Age of Classical Armenian.
Between these two time periods one further distinguishes two stages of the Armenian language: post-Classical, spanning the sixth and seventh centuries, and Pre-Middle Armenian, from the eighth to twelfth centuries.
He correctly lists the names and reigns of the ostikans or Muslim governors of the newly-created administrative unit called Arminiya, which included Armenia, East Iberia/Georgia, and parts of Aghuania (Atrpatakan/Azerbaijan).
He was a supporter of the ambitions of the Bagratid family and, according to the colophon at the end of his History, wrote under the patronage of Shapuh Bagratuni, son of Smbat sparapet (commander-in-chief), whose activities are recorded in the work.
The Bible was a clear source of inspiration for Ghewond throughout his life and throughout his History.
Our author was a fatalist and moralizer who attributed all calamities to God's vengeance.
Almost nothing is known about the life of Ghewond, author of the sole 8th century Armenian history describing the Arab domination.
For the first half of the 8th century Ghewond was relying on the accounts of older contemporaries, but for the second half of the century he himself was a bitter eyewitness.Ghewond's worldview is consistently negative, probably a reflection of the bleakness of the period he chronicled.There is some question whether Ghewond's text has reached us intact.Petersburg, 1887, second edition) and excludes chapters 13-14. This slightly reformatted version appears here by his permission.All material on this page is in the public domain - copy freely.