Originally, they were equestrian hunters of cattle for hides, beef or salting, and horses for riding.
Later they traded in contraband, worked on the cattle and sheep ranches, and served as militia during the struggle for independence and as mercenaries for post-independence caudillos .
It is present in the four horizontal stripes of the flag that alternate with five white ones (a sun with a face in the upper corner also symbolizes independence).
It is also the color worn by the national soccer team.
The original gauchos were an equestrian ethnic group similar to North American cowboys and Ukrainian Cossacks.
Cattle and horses introduced by the Spanish in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries multiplied in the grasslands and roamed freely over the land.
The name Oriental Republic of Uruguay República Oriental del Uruguay, derives from the fact that the country lies east of the Uruguay River, a major tributary of the Rio de la Plata estuary.
The land area is about 68,020 square miles (176,220 kilometers).Gauchesco has been preserved in literature, music, and jokes, and is part of the national identity.Along the Brazilian border, a local dialect called portuñol or brasilero is spoken. English has influenced the language of technology and the slang used by young people. The color sky-blue ( celeste ) is a powerful symbol that represents freedom and independence.Most of the country consists of gently rolling plains interrupted by two ridges of low hills.The remainder consists of fertile coastal and riverine lowlands, including a narrow sandy and marshy coastal plain.